15 March, 2011

Chinese Pronunciation - Lesson 1 | Китайское произношение - Урок 1

mā má mǎ mà
fā   fá   fǎ   fà
lā   lá   lǎ    là
mā má mǎ mà
nā  ná  nǎ   nà
hā  há  hǎ   hà
sā  sá   sǎ   sà

Chinese Tones

1st tone - level at the same pitch (don't forget to pitch it high enough!)
1-ый тон: произносится на одной ноте (не забывайте, что она должна быть достаточно высокой!) 

2nd tone - rises, starting from a mid pitch (intonation is similar to that in English questions)
2-ой тон: поднимается вверх, начиная со средней высоты (интонация аналогична тем, что  бывает в коротких русских вопросительных предложениях)

3rd tone - dips, starting from a mid pitch, dropping low, then rising to mid
3-ий тон: голос "проваливается" вниз от середины и затем снова поднимается

4th tone - falls (starts from the highest pitch and drops right down to the lowest point - as if in short commands)
4-ый тон: резко падает (начинается с самой высокой точки и тут же снижается до самого низкого значения).

Initial consonants f-, l-, m-, n-, h-, s-

[f] - as in "food" (как в слове "фуфайка")

[l] - as the first "l" in "legal", but the tongue tip should be slightly further forward
      (как первый звук в слове "легальный", но кончик языка нужно немного выдвинуть вперед)

[m] - as in "mood" (как в слове "муха")

[n] - similar to an English "n", but the tongue tip should be a bit further forward
        (похож на русский звук "н", но кончик языка должен быть немного выдвинут вперед)

[h] - as in "hood", but with a little friction.
        (как в слове "хунта", но с легким трением) 

[s] - similar to English "s", but the tongue tip should be slightly further forward. Some people place the tongue tip behind the lower teeth.
        (похож на русский звук "с", но кончик языка должен быть слегка выдвинут вперед. Некоторые помещают кончик языка за нижними зубами.)

1 comment:

  1. The Wallabies must successfully target dynamic All Blacks second rowers Brodie Retallick and
    Sam Whitelock when they attempt to turn their Bledisloe Cup fortunes around, says Australian backrower
    Rory Arnold.The formidable duo of Retallick and Whitelock has been one of the great strengths of the world
    champion All Blacks’ forward ­machine in recent years and both are used to winning against the Wallabies.
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    Whitelock has tasted defeat just three times in 20 games Tests against Australia and Retallick once in 15.
    Rising Wallabies lock Rory ­Arnold said getting an edge over the duo was key for his team.“They’ve been world-class
    locks now for a number of years, so if we want to dominate up front we know we’ve got to go at those blokes,” said Arnold.
    “We’re going to have to be at our best, the second-rowers, to take those blokes on.”
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    While Whitelock and Retallick have been a constant force for New Zealand,
    Australia have chopped and changed their second-row combinations since the 2015 World Cup final against the All Blacks.
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    Coach Michael Cheika used five starting second-row combinations in the first five Tests of 2016 and seven in total across the season as
    six different locks got an opportunity in the run-on side.
    In the June Tests, Cheika started with Adam Coleman and Sam Carter and then brought in Arnold for the last match.
    “He sort of swapped and changed a fair bit last year, so I’m not sure how he’s going to go this year with those second-row spots,” Arnold said.