Friendarin

06 May, 2015

How To Say "Small" In Chinese?

Most Commonly Used Words For "Small"

is one of the first words you learn in Chinese. It means “small”, “little”, “minor” and is used in a wide array of contexts. 
这只狗很小。– zhè zhǐ gǒu hěn xiǎo – This dog is small. 
在我的小的时候 – zài wǒ de xiǎo de shíhòu – when I was small (young) 
这个机会是很小的。– zhè ge jī huì shì hěn xiǎo de – This opportunity is small. 

Another popular way of describing something small is by negating the opposite. You can just say that the object is not big (不大)
不大的狗 – bú dà de gǒu – small dog 
不大的机会 – bú dà de jī huì – small opportunity, little chance


Synonyms of 小

Synonyms of 小

微小 and 细小 both mean "tiny", "extremely small". 
微小的尘埃 – wéixiǎo de chén'āi – tiny dust 
一个很微小的改变 – yīgè hěn wéixiǎo de gǎibiàn – very slight change 
细小的杯子 – xìxiǎo de bēizi – small cup 
细小 may also stand for "trivial", "not very important" 
细小的问题 – xì xiǎo de wèn tí – minor problem 

The meaning of 细微 is "tiny", "subtle". It is very close to that of 微小 and 细小
细微的变化 – xì wēi de biàn huà – subtle changes 

纤毫 means "slight", "tiny", "very detailed" 
纤毫的差错 – xiān háo de chā cuò – slight error


Idioms

蝇头- yíng tóu – small, tiny (as a fly’s head) 
蝇头小利 - yíng tóu xiǎo lì – very small profit 

微乎其微 – wēi hū qí wēi – almost negligible, next to nothing 
粒子的总体积是微乎其微的。 – lì zǐ de zǒng tǐ jī shì wēi hū qí wēi de - The volume of the particles is negligible.

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